Adding a bubbler to your Pioreactor

Adding a bubbler to your Pioreactor
An important growth requirement for aerobic microorganisms, which include all yeast, algae, and some bacteria, is an abundance of oxygen (or CO₂ in the case of algae). Therefore it is common in bioreactors to see sterile air, or even pure oxygen, pumped into the liquid using a bubbler or sparger. With a bit of extra work, you can add a bubbler to your Pioreactor. Let's see how!